Regular exposure to UV radiation can accelerate skin aging, leading to the development of early wrinkles, age spots, and persistent redness. Irreversible damage to DNA in dermal cells is particularly dangerous and can lead to the development of tumors. In addition, ultraviolet radiation can weaken the immune system and increase susceptibility to infections. Suppression of immune reactions due to UV exposure may elevate the risk of conditions such as cold sores and shingles.

One of the most noticeable consequences of UV damage is sunburn. According to the American Academy of Dermatology Association, just a few severe sunburns during childhood can double the risk of developing melanoma later in life.

For adequate protection against UV rays, it’s convenient to use weather mobile apps that provide daily UV index information in your area. If the UV index is above 3, it’s better to stay in the shade, wear clothing with long sleeves, a wide-brimmed hat, and sunglasses.

To alleviate the symptoms of sunburn, you should:

  1. Immediately move away from the sunny area into the shade.
  2. Cool and soothe the damaged skin with cold water or ice cubes. Rapid cooling suppresses the release of inflammatory mediators and relieves pain.
  3. Use an effective recovery product. For example, Heel CoolAkut Stich&Sun Pflege Gel cools, moisturizes, and regenerates the skin thanks to beneficial extracts of aloe vera, calendula, echinacea, and nettle, as well as homeopathic bee extract
  4. Protect the affected area from direct sunlight for at least several weeks.